Blood pressure is being one of the usual problems in many people regardless of age. But what this is actually deal with our body and heart.
My main objective of this article is to explain what is blood pressure and cause of blood pressure (BP) in layman terms.
Blood pressure is the energy that forces into and makes blood exerts on to your main arteries as it flows all the way through to your body.
If you are a person who have high blood pressure, it means your blood is exerts too much force in the direction of flow on to your arteries.
And is making your heart’s job more complicated by pumping blood more hard than it does.
As of now, our heart is a commanding and well-organized muscle, But if it’s made compelled too work hard than before,
And that for too long it can enlarge than usual, tire out or fail, resulting a stroke, heart attack or an unexpected early death.
High Blood pressure
High blood pressure has become very common these days. High blood pressure occurs when the person gets angry, is unhappy or when there is a pressure on the blood vessels.
The normal blood pressure is – 130/80 but the patient with high blood pressure will have – 140/90 or more.
Symptoms of blood pressure.
Symptoms of high BP are headache, palpitation, neck pain or a feeling of tiredness.
As high BP exerts more pressure on the heart, it may lead to heart failure, parlaytic stroke, perspiration or cardiac arrest.
High BP cause danger to the kidneys. This is known by frequent passing urine and increase in thirst.
The patient complains of headache and neck pain. He or she feels very weak, the heartbeat increases.
The patient has frequent urination and feels disheartened. The patient should control these symptoms otherwise the risk of the heart attack is increasing.
The kidneys play an important role in controlling the blood pressure.
Living with high blood pressure
If you have high blood pressure, it is important that you; keep track of your levels.
learn to take your own blood pressure at home or have it regularly checked by a health care professional. Write it down each time (with date).
Talk to your health care provider about the names and dosage of your blood pressure medicine and hoe to take them.
If you think you’ re having other problems (side effects) from taking your medicine, talk to your doctor another medicine may be better for you. or the problem may not be related to the medicine.
Choose healthier habits- for example, eat a heart healthy diet, exercise regularly, and don’t smoke.
Remember, high blood pressure has no symptoms. If ypu have it, you cannot tell by the way you feel when your body levels high.
How is high blood pressure treated?
usually, the goal is to keep your levels below 140/90 (130/80 if you have a diabetes or chronic kidney disease). ask your doctor what your goal should be.
Medicine will control your blood pressure but they cannot cure it. You will need to take medicine for a long time.
How i can prevent.
You can take these steps to prevent high blood pressure. These steps include:
- Keeping a healthy weight
- Being physically active
- Following a healthy eating plan that emphasizes fruits, vegetables, and low-fat diary foods. Also see the DASH diet
- Choosing and preparing foods with less salt and sodium
Some people can prevent or control blood pressure by changing to healtheir habits, such as;
- Eating healthy foods that include fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products
- Cutting down on salt and sodium in the diet
- Losing excess weight and staying at a healthy weight
- Staying physically active (for example, walking 30 minutes a day)
Sometimes it stays too high even when a person make these kinds of healthy changes. in that case, it is necessary to add medicines to help.
The pateint should consumed the adequate amount of vegetables and fruits. seasonal fruits be consumed in ample quantities.
Avoid banana and custard apple, consult a doctor regularly, Myrobalan marmalade or its juice will be beneficial.
Women and high blood pressure.
In some women, blood pressure can increase if they are use birth control pills, become pregnant, or take hormone therapy during menopause.
many pregnant women with high BP have healthy babies. However, high BP can be dangerous for both the mother and the baby.
It can harm the mother’s kidneys and other organs, and it can cause low birth weight and early delivery.
If you are thinking about having a baby and you have high blood pressure talk to your doctor first.
You can take steps to control BP before and during pregnancy. Regular parental care (health care during pregnancy) is very important for you and your baby’s health.
Before becoming pregnant.
Be sure your BP is under control. making changes such as limiting the salt and sodium in your diet, exercise regularly, and losing weight if you are overweight can be helpful.
Discuss with your doctor how high BP might affect you and your baby during pregnancy, and what you can do to prevent or lessen problems.
If you take medicines ask your doctor what you should do about taking them during pregnancy.
Women who take ACE inhibitors should talk to their doctor before they become pregnant.
While you are pregnant:
- Be sure to get regular prenatal health care, Don’t miss any appointments.
- Don’t drink alcohol or smoke
- Talk to your doctor about any over the counter or prescribed medicines you are taking or are thinking about taking
Some women develop high pressure for the first time in the middle of their pregnancy .
In the most serious cases, the mother develops a condition called preeclampsia or “toxemia of pregnancy” This condition can threaten the lives of both the mother and the unborn child.
Even though high blood pressure during pregnancy can be serious, Most women with high BP and those who develop preeclampsia have successful pregnancies.
Getting early and regular prenatal care is the most important thing you can do for you and baby.
Oral contraceptives (Birth Control Pills)
Women taking birth control pills, usually have a small increase in both systolic and diastolic BP.
If you have high BP and are using birth control pills, get your BP checked regularly and talk to your doctor about a possible rise in BP and what you can do about it.
If you have high blood pressure, are age 35 or older, and also smoke, you should not take birth control pills unless you quit smoking.
Women age 35 and older who smoke and use birth control pills are more likely to develop heart disease or have a stroke.
It also raises your chances of stroke and heart disease. If you are age 35 or older, are healthy do not smoke, and your high BP is controlled.
It may be safe for you to use birth control pills. Ask your doctor if birth control pills are safe for you.
Hormone Therapy (HT) for menopause.
A recent study indicated that blood pressure does not increase significantly with HT in mose women with and without High blood pressure.
However, a few women may have a rise in BP due to estrogen therapy.
If you are start taking HT,you should have your BP checked regularly. Your doctor can answer your questions.
Older Adults and high blood pressure
Every person has normal BP. The top one is systolic and diastolic pressures. If systolic and diastolic pressure goes high that is called high BP(HBP).
If the systolic pressure is below 100 and diastolic pressure is below 60, it is called low BP(LBP).
LBP is more dangerous than HBP, LBP common people say only BP. This also called a silent killer.
A common form of high blood pressure in order to adults is isolated systolic hypertension(ISH).
ISH is high blood pressure, but only the top (systolic) number is high (140 of higher).
ISH can be as harmful as high blood pressure in jich both numbers are high.
It (ISH) is the most common form of high BP for older americans, about 2 out of 3 people over age 60 with High blood pressure have ISH.
You may have ISH and feel fine. As with other types of high blood pressure, ISH often causes no symptoms.
To find out if you have ISH-or any type of highBP- get your level checked.
If not treated, ISH can cause damage to your arteries and to body organs.
ISH is treated the same way as high blood pressure in which both systolic and diastolic pressures are high.
By making changes in your health habits and with medicines if needed.
How to avoid BP?
So when we talk about remedies of such problems of blood pressure. Then you could go probably for simple suggestions like.
- Regular physical activity may strengthen and power your heart
- Control over food with less salt usage and added your doctor’s prescription may serve you better ideas on blood pressure.
Home remedy for this is avoid salt completely, use rock salt only 5 grams per day.
Two to two and a half liters of water per day, cows milk, leafy green vegetables, drumsticks, apple half per day. and papaya.
Night food between 7-30 and 8 p.m avoid water after night food.