What is protein:
An organic compound is known as a protein. Protein contains oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, sulfur, nitrogen, and phosphorus.
Nitrogen occupies 1/6th part in protein. The central unit containing nitrogen in the formation of protein is known as an amino acid.
Most amino acids have a central carbon atom bonded to one amino or nitrogen-containing group and one carboxylic acid group.
The human body makes 13 types of amino acids, and the rest eight amino acids are obtained from the food we eat.
Amino acids include
One way to divide them is bt defining which ones our body can make and which ones we can’t.
There are five amino acids alanine, asparagine, aspartic, glutamic acid, and serine that we can get from foods.
But we can also make ourselves, These are called non essential amino acids.
Then there are six that we call conditionally essential because healthy bodies make them under normal circumstances.
arginine, cysteine, glutamine, glycine, proline, and tyrosine. But we can’t make them in cases like starvation or certain inborn errors of metabolism
Finally there are eight of them that we can only get from food histidine, isoleucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine.
Protein helps in the growth of the body, and Adequate protein should be consumed through food.
It helps in building the tissue. Protein is essential for people of all ages, but children need it more in their growing age.
On average, a healthy person needs one-gram of protein per kilo of body weight.
For example, if the body weight is 65 kilos, then the protein requirement would be 65gm.
Its recemmendation per day vary by age as well children i to 3 years of age are recommended to get 13 grams.
For age 4 to 8 14 grams recommended, and between 9 to 13, 34 grams recommended, whether a person is male or female also impacts protein needs.
Females ages 14 and above are recommended to get 46 grams per day.
males aged 14 to 18 needs slightly more about 52 grams per day and males 19 and older are recommended to get 56 grams per day.
Some groups like pregnant and breast-feeding women as well as athletes have elevated needs and older adults may also benefit from eating more protein.
A proper diet can be planned, and an adequate amount of protein can be taken daily.
Types of proteins:
Protein is an essential part of human diet, Its found in a variety of foods like eggs, dairy, sea food, meats, nuts, and seeds.
regardless of the source the protein that we eat gets broken down and reformed into new protein in our bodies.
These proteins do everything from fighting infections to helping cells divide.
Proteins are generally obtained from vegetables and animals. The proteins obtained from animals are considered to be of superior quality.
As they contain all types of amino acids in appropriate ratios. The protein obtained from vegetables contains fewer amino acids.
We should include pulses, food grains, vegetables, and products obtained from animals in our food.
We should make our food rich in protein. We can mix pulses and grains to make dosa; it contains both pulses and rice.
Foodgrains and products obtained from animals (wheat and mash) rice, fish, and pulses can be mixed. Gram and bottle gourd can be mixed.
How does protein help:
Protein makes new cells. It plays an essential role in digestion. It increases hemoglobin.
It keeps the body warm. It gives us mental fitness and strength. Proteins are like a shield that protects us always.
Dietary proteins provide the essential amino acids that are needed to make our own.
Side effects of excess protein:
Excess proteins have many side effects. Excess protein stiffens the nerves and arteries.
A person can suffer from liver and kidney problems. Patients complain of heart disease, high blood pressure, and arthritis.
Excess protein intake affects blood flow and produces heat. It increases blood pressure in the reproductive organs and also joint pain.
The following are rich in protein; khoya or thickened milk contains 22.3 percent proteins.
Small dry fish contains 68.1, and cottage cheese has 18.3, chicken has 25.9, soybean has 43.2, lentils contain 24.9, groundnuts have 25.8, cashew has 21.5 percent.
Lack of proteins:
Lack of proteins slows down the growth. The damaged cells take more time to get repaired.
The body takes in less oxygen. Swelling is observed in the stomach and legs.
And immunity also reduces, the beauty and skin get severely affected.
Lactating mothers have less milk. The man complains of anemia, nervous weakness, and tiredness and feels weak.