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Tuesday, August 4, 2020

What is Cholesterol/ and how to lower cholesterol?

What is Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a type of fat-like substance that is made by your body, And It is also in some foods that you eat.

Everyone has cholesterol. It’s the waxy substance in your bloodstream cells.

Some cholesterol is good for health, but too much in your blood puts you at significant risk for heart disease and stroke.

Your body needs some good fats to work the right way, and Your body makes all the good fat it needs.

Overeating saturated fat and raises the level of cholesterol in your blood.

Too much cholesterol in the blood can be able to build up in the walls of arteries.

It is called a plaque. There are no signs or any symptoms of high blood cholesterol.

Too much fat contained in the blood is known as high blood or hypercholesterolemia.

High blood cholesterol increases the risk of having a heart attack or some other sign of heart disease, Like chest pain(angina).

Too much in the blood, or high blood cholesterol, can be severe.

Peoples with high blood cholesterol have a greater risk of getting heart disease.

Cholesterol itself does not cause any symptoms, so many people are unaware that their level is too high.

Many people often don’t know that their cholesterol level is too high. It is diagnosed by checking and testing levels in your blood.

A blood test known as lipoprotein profile measures the levels in your blood and is the recommended test.

Everyone age 20 and older must get their cholesterol checked at least once every five years.

Deficiency of cholesterol leads to cancer.

If there is a deficiency of cholesterol in the body, it can aid cancer, and the Human body requires an ideal quantity of fat in the body.

But with the chemicals and blood, every individual wants to increase it. And This is not good. Short terms, it is called flack you.

There are only two types of cholesterol HDL and LDL, HDL is good because it fights the germs in the body.

When too much LDL, or bad cholesterol, circulates in the blood, it can slowly build up inside the walls of your arteries that feed your heart and brain.

Cholesterol particles get lodged into your arterial walls and get stuck there. Then it combines with other substances in your blood to form plaque.

A thick hard deposit that can narrow the arteries and make them less flexible. if you want your blood to be able to go with the flow so keep cholesterol low.

Cholesterol levels

Whereas LDL does not have this ability. And it is the reason heart and blood-related diseases happen.

Cholesterol levels are measured in milligrams (mg) of per deciliter (dL) of blood.

See how your cholesterol level numbers compare to the tables below.

Total Cholesterol
Level
Total Cholesterol
Category
Less than 200 mg/dL
200-239 mg/dL
240 mg/dL and above
Desirable
Borderline high
High
LDL Cholesterol
Level
LDL Cholesterol
Category
Less than 100 mg/ dL
100-129 mg/dL

130-159 mg/dL
160-189 mg/dL
190 mg/dL and above
Optimal
Near-optimal/ above optimal
Borderline high
High
Very high
HDL Cholesterol
Level
HDL Cholesterol
Category
Less than 40 mg/dL

40-59 mg/dL
60 mg/dL and above
A major risk factor for heart disease.
The higher, the better.

Considered protective against heart disease.

Triglycerides can also risk for heart disease. And Levels that are borderline risk is high (150-199 mg/dL)

Or high as (200 mg/dL or more) may need the right treatment. Things that can increases the triglycerides include:

  • Overweight
  • Physical inactivity
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Very high carbohydrate diet
  • Certain diseases and drugs
  • Genetic disorders.

TLC is a pair of lifestyle changes you can make to help lower your LDL cholesterol.

The central part of TLC are:

  1. The TLC Diet
  2. TLC Diet recommends:

Limiting the number of saturated fat and trans fats you eat. Eat only enough calories to achieve or maintain a healthy weight.

limiting food

About 25% of your fat comes directly from what you eat. So, we have a lot of control over those numbers.

Pay attention to your food choices always, and eat food that is low in fat and saturated fats. And stay away from Trans fats.

They are increasing the soluble fibre in your diet. For example, oatmeal, vegetables, kidney beans, apples, and some fruits are a good source of soluble fibre.

It was adding lower cholesterol-lowering food such as kinds of margarine that contain plant sterol or stanol esters for some peoples.

Deficiency of cholesterol leads to cancer.

Losing weight If you are overweight, it can help lower LDL.

Weight management is especially essential for those with a group of risk factors that includes high triglyceride or low.

HDL levels with being overweight with a large waist measurement are ( more than 40 inches for men and more than 35 inches for women).

How to lower cholesterol?

Cholesterol-lowering is important for everyone-young, middle-aged, and older adults, and both men and women.

Most of the cholesterol is made in your liver, so getting fat levels adjusted may require medication.

Physical Activity.

Regular physical activity can boost your HDL or good cholesterol. If your good fat is higher, It helps keep the bad cholesterol from getting stuck in your arteries.

Even mildly vigorous activities, It can help. You can benefit from simple things like walking, gardening, housework, or dancing.

Get creative with what you like to do and find some ways to put the physical activity into your daily routines.

Regular physical activities recommended for everyone. It can help to raise HDL and lower LDL.

And especially important for those with high triglyceride or low HDL levels, who are overweight with a large waist measurement.

Cholesterol-lowering medicines

Along with changing the way that you eat and exercise regularly, your doctor may prescribe some medication to help lower your cholesterol levels.

Even if you started drug treatment, you would have to continue TLC, Drug treatment only controls, but it does not cure high blood cholesterol.

Therefore, you must and should continue taking your medicine to keep your cholesterol level in the recommended range.

There are three major types of cholesterol-lowering medicines.

  1. Statins
  2. Fibrates
  3. Ezetimibe

Ensure your level is in control. When trying to reduce your cholesterol or keep it low.

It is essential to remember to follow your treatments for other conditions you might have, such as high blood pressure.

Get help with quitting smoking, exercising, and losing weight if they are the significant risk factors for you.

Many people can able to lower their levels by eating low saturated fat and low cholesterol diet, exercising, and losing weight if needed.

Some people will need to take their medicines prescribed by their doctor to lower their levels in addition to eating a low saturated fat diet, losing weight if needed, and exercising.

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